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The In-Depth Guide on How to Grow Warm Season Vegetables

The In-Depth Guide on How to Grow Warm Season Vegetables

Warm-season vegetables can not survive in cold weather. Some of the more popular plants that fall under this classification are tomato, beans, eggplant, melon, pepper, corn, and cucumber. A single morning frost can kill these fragile vegetables. This means you should plant them after the last frost date. Precisely when this takes place will depend on the area in which you live and the expected weather patterns. Use the Almanac planting calendar to find out the right planting time for your area.

They can technically grow anywhere between the temperatures of 60 and 95F (16 and 35C). Temperatures outside of that range in either direction can cause the plants to either die off or stop growing well. This article will explain how to grow warm-season vegetables in detail, with sections going over growing tips and extending the season.

Warm-Season Vegetable Growing Tips

Here are some helpful tricks and tips that will have your leafy greens growing strong and healthy. Each of these factors is important when it comes to producing a healthy yield of any size. You should know if you don’t give each factor proper attention the plant will suffer.

Soil Temperature

The ideal temperature for germinating the seeds of warm-season vegetables is between 80 and 95F (27 and 35C). Yet, the can withstand low temperatures as far as 60F (16C). You can check your soil’s temperature by inserting a Soil Thermometer at the recommended planting depth. You can also download apps that give estimations of soil temperature and moisture based on local weather patterns.

Sun Exposure

Warm-season Vegetables love sunlight, they need at least eight hours a day of direct sunlight. Consider planting in the south side of your backyard, it is warmer and gets more sunlight in the northern hemisphere.

Watering

Water makes up to 96% of vegetable plant content, make sure that your vegetables get frequent access to water. If you live in an area that does not get a lot of rain, plant your garden near your home or any source of water. This helps to make watering much easier. It is just as important that the water content of your soil remains consistent. Going from too dry to wet can cause the roots to rot.

The best rule of thumb is to water your vegetables with 1 inch of water per week. In hot weather, you need to monitor the soil and don’t let it get dry. That means you might need to water your garden every other day. If you are using water can or hose, water your garden using a slow small stream. This helps the water to go deeper and reach every part of the soil around the plant roots.

Try to avoid dumping water straight onto the plant leaves. That reduces the chance of fungal and disease problems.

Fertilizing

We grow warm-season vegetables for their fruits, and to produce fruits they go through three different stages of growth. Each stage needs a different kind of fertilizing.

For example, while seeds do not require fertilizer to germinate, they will need a nitrogen-rich fertilizer once they become seedlings. When they start to produce flowers they will need a fertilizer high in Phosphorus to set fruit.

Follow the instructions listed on the back of the seeds package, and ask your local supplier about the fertilizers you need to use in each stage of growth.

Pollination

Pollination takes place when pollen is transferred from the male part of a plant to the female part. This is how fertilization and the creation of seeds are produced. Plants will not develop fruit if they are not pollinated. Self-pollinating plants have the necessary female and male sexual organs that make it unnecessary for outside interference.

For plants that are not self-pollinating, there are several ways in which the pollen is transferred. Corn, for example, needs wind to pollinate. However, the most common way of pollination is by insects like bees and butterflies. Some flowers attract these types of insects, so make sure there are some insects drawing flowers nearby.

Extending the Growing Season

Generally, warm-season vegetables require between 80 to 100 days of optimal weather to achieve their full potential. If you live in an area that has shorter summers or if you would like to give your plants more time to take advantage of the sunlight and heat, then there are a few easy ways to extend the growing season.

Start Seeding Indoors

You can start your seeds indoors several weeks before the last frost date. By doing that you will give your plants a head start of the season and transplant them outside when the weather gets warm enough.

Additional Methods for Heating Soil and Air

Mulch helps the soil to warm early. Also, you can plant under plastic covers or inside greenhouses to protect your garden from frost damage.

Conclusion

No matter what type of warm-season vegetable you are looking to grow, there are some efficient and quick ways to make sure they produce quality food stock. The most important thing to remember is that a holistic approach to tending your garden and consistency with how you care for it are major contributing factors to a successful season.

Here Comes Some Sun: Vegetables That Grow in Shade, Partial Sun, and Full Sun

Here Comes Some Sun: Vegetables That Grow in Shade, Partial Sun, and Full Sun

Gardening is more popular than ever.

In fact, one in every three US households grows their own vegetables to put on the dinner table! With good reason, too- fresh, home-grown food has a taste that veggies from the grocery store, chock full of preservatives, can’t match.

If you’re planting your garden this year, you’re probably wondering what vegetables will grow in varying degrees of sunlight. After all, sunlight is incredibly important for plant growth!

All plants use photosynthesis to change sunlight into the nutrients they need to grow and thrive. While all plants need different levels of sunlight, they all share a common denominator: storing energy from this light in their leaves.

To be sure that your plants get the nutrients they need, we’re going to tell you the tastiest vegetables that grow in all these different areas of sunlight so you can garden in the most effective possible way.

Vegetables That Grow in Full Sunlight

One of the most common veggies that gardeners like to grow in full sunlight is actually a fruit. You guessed it! Tomatoes grow well in full sunlight, needing 8 hours a day in the direct sun.

Other common veggies that you’ll want to give a lot of sunlight to thrive are peas, peppers, and cucumbers. They grow above the ground, so of course, it makes sense that a lot of sunlight would give them the right conditions to ripen in!

Remember to water your plants regularly, too! Doing this, along with giving them a little break from the sun when it’s too hot, will make sure that you give them the opportunity to flourish in their environment.

Vegetables That Grow in Partial Sunlight

There are a lot of great veggies that only need partial sunlight, too. Leafy greens like lettuce, kale, and cabbage only need 4 hours of sunlight a day, so they’ll thrive in these conditions. These are great vegetables for your garden because you can make fresh salads as a main course or a side dish with any meal.

Microgreens are young green leafy vegetables that only need seed starting mixes to grow. They’re inexpensive, produce a lot of food, and need partial sunlight to grow! Consider getting some microgreens for your garden and including them in your favorite salad.

Vegetables That Grow in Shade

In the more shady spots of your garden, root vegetables are a great way to go. They’re healthy, delicious, and can be put in a lot of different dishes or be enjoyed raw. Plus, there are a lot of options when it comes to root veggies, so this is a great way to maximize your space!

Get Growing!

As you know, growing a vegetable garden is a rewarding experience. Once you figure out vegetables that grow in shade versus ones that grow in sunlight, you’ll know how to make the most of your garden space.

Now that you know where to grow each of your veggies to make the perfect garden, check out this page for the best prices on gardening tools!

Have fun!

Top 7 Benefits of Gardening #Gardening 101

Top 7 Benefits of Gardening #Gardening 101

When I was doing research about the benefits gardening, my mind was blown away because of what I found.

Yes! they are only 9 benefits of gardening impact 3 different areas of our life, but they have a very huge impact.

Just let me show you.

For Health

Safe Food

According to the U.S Environmental Protection Agency or EPA, pest control chemicals or -pesticides- linked to a big number of health-related problems.

Some of them have a negative effect on the nervous system, while others cause skin or eyes irritation.

In your garden you won’t use and pesticides for pest control. Instead, you will use natural methods, which protect your health from any traces of chemicals.

Fact: Do you know? Some traces of pesticides can be found in non-organic vegetables or fruits even after washing them.

More Nutrients

In research about the quality of organic VS conventional fruits, vegetables, and grains, It is highlighted that organics have a higher percentage of some nutrients like vitamin C, iron, magnesium and phosphorus.

More Physical Activity

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC mentioned on its website that gardening can provide the 2.5 hours per week of moderate physical activity.

These required 2.5 hours per week will make you less likely to be obese or have:

  • Have high blood pressure
  • Osteoporosis
  • Stroke
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Depression
  • Colon cancer
  • Premature death

All that benefits for just being active in your garden for almost 22 minutes per day = 2.5 hours per week.

For even more benefits, NHS website advises people to expose their skin, hands or forearms for example, to sunlight without sunscreen.

Especially From late March or early April to the end of September during the hours from 11 am to 3 pm. That exposure encourages the skin to produce vitamin D which is essential for healthy bones.

They are not sure how long you should stay under sunlight, one thing for sure is to know your limits and protect yourself for overexposure under sunlight.

For Lifestyle

Save Money

The beauty of having a garden is you won’t have to buy vegetables from your grocery store anymore.

In worth cases, you would have to buy the minimum amount or buy what you don’t grow.

Your garden will provide you with free, fresh food pretty much any time you need and your food budget will be cut in half.

To save money, even more, there are some tips you need to consider:

  • Grow what you eat

Go for the vegetables you regularly eat, especially expensive ones.

  • Buy only the tools you really need

Some of the tools you will be using can be replaced by D.I.Y ideas. For example, you can grow indoors using yogurt cups or plastic bottles instead of buying containers.

Good Teaching Tool For Kids

When gardening became a teaching tool in schools the following impacts noticed on students:

  • Improve self-esteem and attitudes toward school
  • Improve social skills and behavior
  • Increase interest in eating fruits and vegetables and improve attitude toward fruits and vegetables. I know every parent will love to know that.
  • Improve life skills, including working with groups and self-understanding
  • Increase self-esteem

And the list of benefits goes on.

Socialize

Gardening brings people together everywhere. As you start gardening for the first time you will need any help you can get.

That my dear friend will help you connect more with other people.

For instance, there are online gardening communities where you can visit to ask for advice and talk with other gardeners like you.

Also, you can go to gardening events near you to see more people and share gardening knowledge with them.

The best part is you can give your neighbors some of the food you are growing as a token of friendship. They will appreciate and they may even gift you back. 😀

For The Environment

ECO-Friendly

Big farms use inorganic or chimerical fertilizers to support plants with the nutrients it needs for growth.

It may be a quick solution, but it has a bad impact on the soil.

A review made to see the effects of fertilizers on soil’s microbial growth and populations proves that inorganic fertilizers deplete the soil from the organic matter it has.

On the long run, soil organisms will decreases in number until it disappears completely due to the lack of organic matter.

Also, you have to be careful when using these kinds of fertilizers. If you add too much of it to the soil it will burn the plants.

On the other hand, organic fertilizers do wonders for the soil.

  • It proved soil’s organisms like microbes with the organic matter it needs to thrive.
  • On the long run, it improves soil structure and health.

In fewer words, organic fertilizers job is to keep natural and keep the harmony of the soil’s ECO system.

Fact: Soil microbes’ job is to break down the organic matter to make it available in a form the plant can use.

Reduces food waste

You can dramatically reduce your home food wast by using any left-overs vegetables or fruit to make compost to fertilize your garden.

This is unbelievably important.

Do you know? In the U.S.A, some 27 million metric tons of food waste recorded in 2015 from homes ALONE.

Very big and scary number, I know right. But that not just about it there is more, sadly!

The crisis behind wasted food is when massed in landfills it produces a huge amount of greenhouse gas emissions.

That kind of emissions is responsible for climate forcing -a change in the Earth’s energy balance, leading to either a warming or cooling effect over time-.

In 25 years from 1990 to 2015, the total warming effect from greenhouses gasses made by humans increased by 37%.

Now you get the picture.

By doing a thing as easy and small as saving leftovers to compost them, you are making a huge favor for yourself and the environment.

Fights soil erosion

If you have a very big field and leaving in a rainy region and afraid that rain sweeps away the soil, you can protect it by turning it into a garden.

In an experiment made to learn the importance of cover for the soil. Results have shown that 22 tonnes per hectare of uncovered soil were lost with a 70% rainfall runoff from a 54mm storm.

So to prevent rainfall from sweeping the land away, you can cover the land with grass and some trees and you can even make a section for vegetables too, to keep the soil where it should be.

Conclusion

I hope you are as motivated as I’m now and can see how important this is.

From health to lifestyle and the environment, gardening is a very awesome way to help yourself, each other and our Earth.

If you know or experienced other gardening benefits, please tell us about it in the comment section.

So what are you waiting for? Start gardening, NOW!